Brown Border Collie, Red Border Collie

Black, Blue, Sable, Slate, Lilac, Tricolour, and Merle

What is your favourite colour?

Brown Border Collie (Chocolate)

The Brown Border Collie has a rich and deep chocolate colour to their coat, and it can vary in shade from a light milk chocolate to a dark chocolate brown. What makes this Brown Border Collie look so unique is the eye colours that pair with the coat. Their eyes can come in an array of colours, such as brown (light to medium), green or a golden yellow.

This gene is recessive, meaning that two parent dogs must have a copy of the chocolate gene. By mating two chocolate (brown border collie), you’ll get a litter with these coat colours.

brown border collie

Red Border Collie

red border collie


The red and white coat is another of the common Border Collie Colours. This colour is characterized by a red coat with white markings on the face, chest, legs, and tail. The white markings on the face often form a blaze. The red colour can vary in shade from a light red to a dark mahogany.

Red is a recessive gene. As with the brown border collie, two copies of the red gene is needed to create such a colour in these dogs. Breeding two red Border Collies will get you a litter of red puppies.


Black Border Collie

The black Border Collie is the signature look for these dogs. When people think of the Border Collie, they likely envision this coat colour in their head. Needless to say, these are the most popular and prevalent coat colours. When it comes to Border Collie coat colours, the most traditional is a black and white combination, typically with a predominately black body and a white blaze on the face, neck, legs and tail tip. The white markings on the face typically form a blaze, which is a white stripe that runs down the centre of the dog’s face.

This coat colour is often referred to as “classic” or “traditional” and is the most recognized colour for the breed. The Black Border Collie has a striking appearance with their sleek black coat and white markings.

The black colour seen in Border Collies is a dominant gene. As a result, the black and white colours tend to always be “standard” in your Border Collie, unless other modifying genes are bred into these dogs.

black border collie

Blue Border Collie

blue border collie


The blue and white coat colour is less common than the black and white and red and white border collie colours. Their nose is typically dark grey, and their eyes are most commonly green, brown, or grey like their coat. This colour is characterized by a blue-grey coat with white markings on the face, chest, legs, and tail. The blue colour can vary in shade from a light blue-grey to a dark slate grey. Blue Border Collies are born in a light grey color that darkens as they age. Blue Border Collies can come in different shades – from a lighter grey to a grey so dark it nearly looks black.

Blue is black + dilute. Since dilute is recessive, you need to have two copies for the dog to express it.

Merle Border Collie

“Merle” isn’t a colour but a pattern. The merle coat colour is characterized by a marbled or mottled pattern of brown, blue, grey, or red mixed with white. The merle pattern can vary in intensity from a light blue-grey to a dark red. The gene that causes the merle pattern doesn’t just affect the Border Collie’s hair, but also their eyes and nose. This coat colour is created by a dominant modifying gene that causes the pigment to be distributed unevenly throughout the coat. As a result, the Border Collie will show patches of pigmentation throughout the body.

While this colour is beautiful, it can be associated with health problems in some dogs, so it is important to do research and talk to a reputable breeder before getting a merle Border Collie.

Because the merle gene is dominant, the dog really only needs one copy of the gene to produce this coat. When a Border Collie has two copies of the merle gene, there can be many complications in regard to health. These conditions may include deafness, mild blindness (abnormal small eyes) and overall poor health.

The merle can be broken down into different colours.

Blue Merle Border Collie

The blue merle Border Collie will have a white/grey-ish base coloured coat with black/blue-ish patches or spots. Not only will this gene affect the coat colour, but also the nose and eyes. For example, blue merle Border Collies tend to have pink noses and bright-coloured eyes (such as bright blue). It’s not uncommon for merles to exhibit two different coloured eyes as well also known as heterochromia.

Red Merle Border Collie

Similar to blue merles, red merle Borders have the red and white color as a base and the pattern that breaks up the color. Some Borders would be mostly white with red, brown, or cinnamon patches all over their bodies. They also have a liver-colored nose.

Slate Merle Border Collie

The slate merle Border Collie is similar to the blue merle. However, this “slate” colour is apparent because the blue/black/white coat colour has been diluted.

For this to happen, the dog needs two copies of the recessive dilute gene and one copy of the merle.

merle border collie
merle border collies
merle border collie

Tricolour Border Collie

The tricolour coat colour is characterized by the base colour of black or red or blue or brown with white, and tan / copper markings on the face, chest, legs, and tail. The base colour is typically dominant, with the tan and white markings adding contrast to the coat.

This tri-colour effect is a recessive trait, meaning that like the brown border collie, two copies of the gene must be in the dog in order for this colour to happen. Generally, one copy of the gene must come from each parent. So if you had two tri-coloured Border Collies breed, you would only get puppies with this colour.

Black Tri Border Collie

Black Tri colour Border Collies are beautiful and may be the second most popular colour variations of this breed. They look very much like the “black and white” dogs, except with tan-coloured markings on the cheeks, legs, chest, bottom and sometimes eyebrows.

Blue Merle Tri Border Collie

The blue merle tri-coloured Border collie will certainly have the dominant merle gene as well. However, the result is something truly beautiful. The tri-colour Border Collie will have the same base coat colour as the blue merle, but with tan and copper markings on the chest, legs, cheeks, eyebrows, bottom and under the tail. They can have markings in all these areas or just some.

The difference is that the dog has two copies of the blue tri-colour gene and just one of the merle gene.

Chocolate Tri Border Collie

The chocolate tri-coloured Border Collie will have the recessive genes of the chocolate colour. The result will be a Border Collie with the base of a chocolate dog, but also tan and copper markings in and around the body. These markings generally appear at the chest, legs, cheeks, eyebrows, bottom and under the tail.

However, for a tri-colour to actually happen, the dog will need two copies of the chocolate gene and two copies of the tri-colour gene.

chocolate tri border collie
black tri border collie

Sable Border Collie




Sable is when the hair on the coat has different shades of colour. In other words, there are more than one colour on the hair. This sable is more of a pattern than a specific colour. That being said, the sable pattern can be seen on a wide variety of Border Collie base colours. For example, a black, blue, chocolate or lilac base can have the sable pattern.

sable border collie

Lilac Border Collie

The lilac colour is similar to the brown border collie. The difference is that a lilac Border Collie has both the dilute and chocolate genes. The lilac colour is truly something unique. It looks like both a blue and brown. Like with the other base colours, there are several variations of the lilac colour. Depending on the genes that the dog possess, you can have a lilac tri colour, lilac merle or even a lilac tricolour merle. All these are much more rare and harder to breed.

Both are recessive genes, so two copies of both genes is needed for the dog to produce a lilac colour.

Brindle Border Collie

These Borders can have any base color mentioned, but the brindle pattern is an alternating stripe of red and black or yellow and black.

The pattern doesn’t just show anywhere on the Border Collie’s body as it usually affects the tan areas. With that said, if a Border Collie has an overall tan base (a recessive yellow or Aussie red), then they may have an overall brindle.

There are many different border collie colours and patterns, which are a result of their genetic makeup. Each with its own unique characteristics and beauty.

In conclusion, the Border Collie is a highly versatile and intelligent breed that comes in a wide variety of coat colours and patterns. Whether you prefer a classic black and white coat or a unique merle pattern, there is a Border Collie colour to suit every taste. It is important to do research and choose a reputable breeder to ensure that you get a healthy and well-adjusted dog.

Border Collie Puppy Colors

The above colors and markings aren’t always visible in puppies. Once they reach maturity, that would be their permanent coat color.

Some shades and patterns can determine a puppy’s health or temperament like merle, but not all of them. But whichever colour you’re interested in when searching for a pup, ensure the breeder shows you essential documents, such as the medical records of the parents and their litter.

All Border Collie Colors are Beautiful

If you want to breed Border Collies, make sure that you follow standards and consider the dog’s health, not just getting the color you want.

If you’re planning to buy a Border Collie puppy, research everything about the breed, and even the color of that cute pooch you hope to take home.

brown border collie
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